Cat dental care is very important for pet owners. Dental issues are very much common in cats. Generally, dental problems are observed in older cats. Usually, dental conditions are preventable and curable, if you give proper care to your cat. Cat owners ask so many questions about the overall oral care of their beloved cats.
Here, we will discuss some very important and common oral health concerns in feline under the light of scientific literature.
Common Cat Dental Conditions
There are various feline teeth conditions which cause discomfort and pain in cats. These conditions also adversely affect the quality of a cat’s life. Some more common cat dental conditions are:
Sick cat symptom checker:
- Cat experiences pain
- Anorexia due to painful oral inflammation
- Visible tooth destruction, pink defects at the tooth-gum junction and oral bleeding
- Clearly seen destructive spots on enamel of the crown, gum line and sometimes on the overall tooth surface
- Excessive salivation (hyper-salivation), head shaking and sneezing
Cat Dental Care Conditions Treatments:
If you notice any of the above degenerative signs in your cat’s teeth, report it to your vet. Regular and proper cat dental care is critical to prevent issues arising. Your vet will conduct a thorough oral examination including observation of oral lesions and inflammatory changes on gums. Radiographic findings can also help in better diagnosis.
As far as treatment your vet will choose the treatment according to the severity of the condition. If the tooth is totally destroyed and causing discomfort/pain, then tooth extraction (crown and root) may be required. However, Crown amputation is also performed with internal root retention in some cases.
Your vet can prescribe other medications including analgesics, anti-inflammatory drugs and various dental formulations. Remember, prevention is better than cure, keep an eye on your cat and keep proper care of her teeth.
Gum Problems in Cats
Other reasons for cat dental care issues may include any trauma (inflicted due to any sharp object, bones etc), systemic infections such feline immunodeficiency virus, feline leukemia virus, feline calicivirus, and other severe diseases including kidney dysfunctioning, diabetes mellitus and several autoimmune diseases. However, oral sores/lesions can also lead to inflammatory changes in gums.
Sick cat symptom checker:
Important key signs of cat gingivitis have been listed below:
- Anorexia (cats show hesitation to eat because of painful gums).
- Redness, swelling, discomfort.
- Bleeding can also be seen in some cases.
- Hyper-salivation and bad breath (halitosis).
- Cats become dull and stressful.
Cat Dental Conditions Treatments:
Talk to your vet about issues and cat dental care in general. They will do a complete oral examination (on the basis of signs and symptoms). Interestingly, cat gingivitis is a curable condition, if treated early. Other medications such as antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs can also be prescribed to stop the inflammation and other underlying conditions.
Plaque removal is an essential thing which must be done on a priority basis. Brush your cat’s teeth by using veterinary recommended toothpaste (never use human tubes of toothpaste as they are toxic for cats). It is better to train your cat to get comfortable with regular tooth brushing. Being a responsible owner, this is your duty to monitor your cat’s oral hygiene and keep an eye on your cat’s dietary habits. You may like to refer to our article titled “How to care for your cat’s teeth” for some handy tips.
NOTE: If cat gingivitis is left untreated, it may lead to periodontitis and other serious complications.
Other Cat Teeth Problems:
Periodontitis is inflammation of teeth holding tissues. This condition arises if you ignore cat gingivitis. This is a serious and irreversible condition that may result in permanent tooth loss.
The other reasons include autoimmune diseases and other underlying medical conditions.
Other conditions are oral tumors; gingivostomatitis, cheek biting, salivary disorders etc. This is recommended to give a lot of attention to a cat’s teeth. Remove plaque from time to time and go for tooth scaling and polishing as per the suggestions of your vet.