Egyptian Mau Cat Breed: Facts, Information, & Health

This is a very playful and active cat. It will not be uncommon to find Egyptian Mau’s playing around. It is friendly towards any pets and/or children. 

Egyptian Mau’s need very little grooming. This means you won’t have to monitor them or keep them close.

It has a moderately high need for attention. It also has high affection towards its owner. This is a smart cat that is also slightly independent. 

Egyptian Mau
Egyptian Mau

Quick facts about the Egyptian Mau

Weight: 6 to 14 pounds Height: 7 to 11 inches
Life span: 12 to 15 years
Intelligence: medium Temperament: social | affectionate
Playfulness: high Activity level: active
Vocalness: when necessary Coat length: short
Shedding amount: normal
Good with: kids | seniors | other cats | families
Traits: The Egyptian Mau is a cat breed that has some really unique traits. It is easy to groom, friendly towards humans, and also has strong loyalty tendencies.

Egyptian Mau’s are only slightly docile. They are unlikely to do tricks or be trained. Unfortunately, this cat won’t fetch you a can of beer.

Egyptian Mau’s have spotted or striped furs. They are normally dark gray with stripes or spots. The most common combination with the Egyptian Mau is green-emerald eyes with short ears.

They often have short sharp faces. They might have different or unique patterns of stripes or dots on their face. These cats don’t shed too much, but they still leave a small trail of hair.

They are highly affectionate. Egyptian Mau’s are slightly loud cats. You will likely hear loud meows when they want your attention. 

Egyptian Mau

They have high levels of energy! You may encounter this energy during the day or the night. Online this high energy has been nicknamed “The Zoomies.” 

Egyptian Mau’s need early socialization into the family. This cat is frequently shy and might be around during gatherings but not always want attention.

Egyptian Mau’s are very intelligent, however, they aren’t likely to do tricks. You can however test their intelligence by getting them puzzles or toys. You incentivize this when they are small with treats.

Temperaments are not always predictable. However, you should be able to tell how docile the kitten will be based on their parents. With these cats, their personality can be genetic. Most Egyptian Mau’s are gentle and shy, so there is little to worry about their temperament.

The Egyptian Mau is largely healthy. They may develop a neurological condition called Leukodystrophy. It is a condition that will appear as young as 7 weeks old. 

Some believe that the Egyptian Mau is one of the oldest breeds of domesticated cats. There are records that show that they were domesticated as early as 5000 years ago. There is evidence in the form of paintings and written tablets to show this and specifically their coat colors.

They are medium-long graceful cats. They have well-developed muscle strength. The Egyptian Mau generally has a high balance which allows for more muscular necks and shoulders.




Dr. Adedapo Adisa:

Many have regarded the Egyptian May cats as one of the oldest domesticated cats sharing a bit of history with the subspecies of the spotted African wild cats.

Because of their athletic build, the Egyptian Mau cats happen to be the fastest domestic cat. Blessed with high intelligence and a life expectancy of 12-15 years, the Egyptian Maus are quite a healthy cat breed and are prone to very few health conditions.

Notable among health challenges, the Egyptian Mau cats are prone to an inherited condition known as Leukodystrophy. Another health issue the Egyptian Mau cats are known for is Pyruvate kinase disease.

Leukodystrophy is an inherited group of diseases that affects the central nervous system of the Egyptian Mau kittens as early as 7 weeks of age. 

This is characterized by destruction, degeneration, or even abnormal development of the myelin sheets, (The myelin sheet is a white fatty matter that serves as a protective covering for the nerves), leading to dysfunction of the nervous system. 

Because this is a group of diseases that is quite progressive, affecting the myelin sheets in various ways, the Egyptian Mau cats with Leukodystrophy may show numerous signs, and this include;

● Breathing issues in cats 

● Cats may appear to have tremors (involuntary shaking of a body part or parts).

● Urinary incontinence

● Seizures 

● Muscular issues in the cats.

There is no known definite diagnosis for Leukodystrophy in the Egyptian Mau cats. However, when some of these symptoms have been noticed, it is best to take the cat to a Veterinarian, who would conduct multiple tests before reaching a confirmatory diagnosis.

If the Egyptian Mau cats have been diagnosed with this condition, it is best to remove them from breeding programs.

Another common genetic condition the Egyptian Mau cats are prone to is Pyruvate Kinase deficiency. This is an inherited condition that is caused by a defect in the glycolytic pathway enzyme, pyruvate kinase, affecting the red blood cells.

A lack of an enzyme in the Egyptian Mau cats reduces the survival ability of the red blood cells, which eventually leads to its destruction, causing a form of anemia known as hemolytic anemia (reduction in red blood cell count as a result of destruction). 

Also because the pyruvate kinase enzyme is responsible for energy production needed for cellular activities, a deficiency also impairs the production of more red blood cells.

Common signs to look out for in the Egyptian Mau cats with pyruvate kinase deficiency includes;

● Anemia. 

● Paleness in the mucous membrane, especially the eyes.

● Exercise intolerance in cats.

● Increased heart rate.

● Jaundice may be seen.

In diagnosing this condition in the Egyptian Mau cats, a Veterinarian needs to take a complete history and perform some tests such as total blood count, serum chemistry, and even urinalysis.

Suppose this condition has been diagnosed in the Egyptian Mau cats. In that case, it is essential to remove such cats from breeding programs involved to prevent this genetic health condition from passing down to the Egyptian Mau’s kittens.

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